China Perspectives 2007/2

SPECIAL FEATURE

Hong Kong, Ten Years Later

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China Perspectives 2007/2

Hong Kong

Is Hong Kong Developing a Democratic Political Culture? Page 4

Jean Philippe Béja

The Pro-Democracy Movement: A Lost Decade? Page 14

Joseph Y. S. Cheng

Constituting Democracy in Hong KongTen Years On Page 28

Michael C. Davis

Beijing’s policy towards Hong Kong and the prospects for democratisation in the SAR Page 34

Willy Lam Wo-lap

Five days after the Tiananmen Square massacre, Deng Xiaoping indicated that this “counter-revolutionary turmoil” was bound to happen because of trends in the da qihou (literally, the larger climate; figuratively, major domestic and global developments. To understand the intriguing changes that have taken place in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) ten years after 1 July 1997, it is instructive to assess changes in not only Hong Kong itself but also Beijing-Hong Kong relations. China’s precipitous rise to within striking distance of attaining “quasisuperpower status also has to be taken into account.

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Alive and well but frustrated: Hong Kong’s civil society Page 40

Christine Loh

Cultural heritage in Hong Hong, the rise of activism and the contradictions of identity Page 46

Sebastian Veg

Media and politics in Hong Kong: A decade after the handover Page 49

Francis L.f. LeeJoseph M. Chan

Hong Kong has been through numerous ups and downs in the ten years since the handover. The media have also undergone significant changes in relation to the larger social and political reconfigurations. While the press, driven by market forces and professional ideologies, has continued to provide timely information to the public and to monitor the behavior of power holders, the power center has employed various means to tame the media, and selfcensorship remains a haunting issue.

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Made in China, financed in Hong Kong Page 58

Maud Savary-mornetAnne-Laure Delatte

Hong kong working class and union organization: A historical glimpse Page 68

Olivia IpNg Sek Hong

This paper attempts to sketch a longitudinal profile on the evolution of a working class in Hong Kong context in light of the thesis of embourgeoisement. The increasing economic affluence in the 1980s and early 1990s appeared to have bred an optimism in society that the members of the working class were converging in life-style and consumption behaviour with the middle class in a process of embourgeoisement. However, the thesis of embourgeoisement comes under question again around the turn of the millennium in the advent of globalisation and the successive waves of recession that afflict Hong Kong. The vicissitudes of capitalistic competition, leading to business restructuring, corporate down-sizing and other austerity prescriptions of labour cost-saving, popularise the practices of flexi-hiring, atypical employment, outsourcing, labour shedding and retrenchment. The upshot of these austerity exercises has been the re-casualisation of the labour market and the emasculation of the employment and income security of a growing fringe of peripheral workers vulnerable to industrial deprivation and exploitation. As a consequence we now see a new industrial proletariat or urban sub-class emerging in post-industrial Hong Kong. Its “embrace” as a hybrid working class transcends a spectrum of blue-collar and service occupations. Because of the diversity in its composition, the prospects for a solidaristic working class to emerge are again remote. And the role of the trade unions in providing an effective leverage for uplifting and protecting their position is limited, as illustrated by the “impasse” now still looming over the proposed enactments to prescribe a minimum wage level and standard work hours.

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Art and culture: Hong Kong or the creation of a collective memory Page 79

Gérard Henry

Hong Kong by night: Prostitution and cinema in herman Yau’s Whispers and Moans Page 87

Sebastian Veg

China Analysis

Commemorating Deng and criticising the “left” Page 90

Michal Meidan

Book Reviews

Christine Loh and Civic Exchange (eds), Functional Constituencies: A Unique Feature of the Hong kong Legislative Council Page 96

Christoph H. Steinhardt

Agnes S. Ku and Ngai Pun (eds), Remarking Citizenship in Hong Kong: Community, nation and the global city Page 98

Lam Wai-man

Gillian Bickley (ed), A Magistrate’s Court in Nineteenth Century Hong Kong Page 100

Jean-luc Rey

Neil J. Diamant, Stanley B. Lubman and kevin O’Brien, Engaging the law in China: State, Society and Possibilities for Justice Page 101

Leïla Choukroune

Mark williams, Competition Policy and law in China, Hong Kong and Taiwan Page 102

Pitman B. Potter

Arthur Kleinman and james L. Watson (eds), SARS in China Page 104

Alain Guilloux

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