China Perspectives 2014/3

SPECIAL FEATURE

The Rise of Environmentalism:

Anti-pollution protests in Taiwan and China

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China Perspectives 2014/3

Special Feature

Editorial Page 3

Ming-sho HoPaul Jobin

Resisting Naphtha Crackers. A historical survey of environmental politics in Taiwan. Page 5

Ming-sho Ho

ABSTRACT: Protests against naphtha crackers have been an important trend in Taiwan’s environmentalism since their emergence in the mid-1980s. This article analyses ten protest cases (1987-2011) to understand the evolution of environmental politics. I draw the following conclusions: (1) with the growing public awareness of pollution, new petrochemical projects are increasingly facing popular opposition; (2) the environmental movement assumes less partisanship, although ideological differences between the political parties still remains; (3) the mobilising capacity of NGOs is on the rise and has become the key factor in the success of protests.
KEYWORDS: environmentalism, Petrochemical Industry, Naphtha Crackers, Environmental Impact Assessment, Taiwan.

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The Movement against Science Park Expansion and Electronics Hazards in Taiwan: A review from an environmental justice perspective Page 15

Hua-mei Chiu

ABSTRACT: This article focuses on the growth and transformation of the movement against the expansion of science parks and electronics hazards in Taiwan. The author finds that the movement has brought about a strong overall trend against the industry’s expansion and has gradually raised significant concern for environmental justice in the past decade. Concern for environmental and social justice has been interwoven to frame the movement’s discourse and actions in the following three aspects: first, campaigning for procedural justice, democratic decision-making, and information transparency; second, campaigning for distributive justice of land, water, and environmental risk; and third, campaigning for the right of recognition.
KEYWORDS: Environmental justice, environmental movement, high-tech electronics industry, electronic hazard, science park

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Articles

Chinese Urban Planning: Environmentalising a hyper-functionalist machine? Page 23

Rémi Curien

ABSTRACT:How should the considerable discrepancy between the concepts of sustainable urban development proclaimed by the Chinese authorities and the reality on the ground be understood? This article examines the urban planning procedures that currently hold sway in China. The building of new cities is based upon a generic method of hyper-productivist and functionalist planning, reflected as a pyramid structure that extends over the whole country and is embodied by urban zoning on a vast scale. This procedure, which has been in force for nearly 30 years, is not at present one that is called into question by Chinese decision-makers, and does not take environmental principles seriously into account. Conversely, all of the reasoning upon which urban development is based remains very far removed from environmental considerations. China is continuing down the road of accelerated development behind the wheel of a growing hyper-functionalist urban machine.
KEYWORDS: urban planning, environment, sustainable development, urban planning model, functionalist urban planning, utilities networks, institutional system, SIP (Suzhou Industrial Park).

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Current Affairs

The Maoming Anti-PX Protest of 2014: An environmental movement in contemporary China Page 33

Kingsyhon LeeMing-sho Ho

ABSTRACT: China has witnessed several peaceful and successful anti-PX (para-xylene) protests in Xiamen, Dalian, and Ningbo in recent years. However, the protest in Maoming in 2014 turned out to be a noteworthy exception. By using participant observation and in-depth interview data, this article raises the following observations: first, in spite of official propaganda, Maoming citizens actually understand the environmental risk of PX production because of their personal experiences with existing pollution as well as from their knowledge of the Xiamen incident. Secondly, the Maoming protest proceeded in a less organised manner, which explains its violent tendencies. Finally, the large-scale protest was able to proceed without the support of mainstream media and the middle class due to the use of online social media and local knowledge of the urban terrain.
KEYWORDS: Maoming anti-PX Protest, Environmental movement, Social media, Protest mobilisation

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CEFC News Analyis

Disciplining the Party: Xi Jinping’s anti-corruption campaign and its limits Page 41

Samson Yuen

Review Essay

New Readings of Lu Xun: Critic of modernity and re-inventor of heterodoxy Page 49

Sebastian Veg

Book Reviews

Book Reviews (PDF version) Page 57

Jean-François HuchetHoracio OrtizKatiana Le MentecMireille Mazard

Ezra Vogel, Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China Page 58

Jean-François Huchet

Stephen Bell and Hui Feng, The Rise of the People’s Bank of China: The Politics of Institutional Change Page 59

Horacio Ortiz

Tami Blumenfield and Helaine Silverman (eds), Cultural Heritage Politics in China Page 61

Katiana Le Mentec

Stéphane Gros, La Part manquante: Échanges et pouvoirs chez les Drung du Yunnan (The missing share: Exchange and power among the Drung of Yunnan) Page 63

Mireille Mazard

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