China Perspectives 2016/1


Deng Xiaoping’s Failed Reform in 1975-1976

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China Perspectives 2016/1

Special Feature

Editorial Page 3

Eric Florence

A Photo Essay of a Failed Reform: Beida, Tiananmen Square and the Defeat of Deng Xiaoping in 1975-76 Page 5

David Zweig

ABSTRACT: In mid-1975, Deng Xiaoping, with Mao’s blessing, initiated reforms that targeted the negative consequences of the Cultural Revolution. To bolster Deng’s effort, Mao endowed him with penultimate authority over the Party, government, and military. However, in late October, Mao turned on Deng, and within five months, Mao and the radicals toppled Deng from power. As a foreign student at Peking University, David Zweig observed and photographed four key points in this historic struggle: (1) the initial establishment of a “big character poster” compound at Peking University; (2) emotional mourning for Zhou Enlai in Tiananmen Square following his death: (3) the intensified assault on Deng in February 1976 in the posters at Peking University; and (4) the massive demonstration of support in Tiananmen Square on 3-4 April for the end of Maoist politics.
KEYWORDS: Tiananmen Square, wreaths, factionalism, Deng Xiaoping, end of the Cultural Revolution, Peking University, big character poster compound.

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Taishang Studies: A Rising or Declining Research Field? Page 29

Gunter SchubertLin Rui-huaTseng Yu-Chen

ABSTRACT: The study of Taiwanese entrepreneurs who live and invest on the Chinese mainland (Taishang) has only recently started to attract attention. Taishang have been referred to as a “linkage community” that connects Taiwan and the Chinese mainland through its economic undertakings, political influence, and social experiences as a migrant community. Against this background, this article clarifies the extent to which Taishang have contributed to and shaped the ongoing process of cross-strait interaction and the development of cross-strait policies. It revisits the field of Taishang studies, takes stock of the knowledge that this field has generated so far, and explores future directions for meaningful research.
KEYWORDS: Taishang, “linkage community,” cross-strait integration, cross-strait relations.

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From Farm Tools to Electric Cars. A Study of the Development of a Chinese Industrial Cluster: The Case of Yongkang in Zhejiang (1980-2010) Page 37

Shi LuBernard Ganne

ABSTRACT: It is now recognised that China’s industrial clusters have played a particularly significant part in the prodigious economic transformations the country has experienced since the launch of reforms at the end of the 1970s. By studying the case of Yongkang, a county-level city in Zhejiang Province specialising in the manufacture of metal products, this article aims to increase understanding of how this rural area with a tradition of small-scale metal production has become, over the course of a few decades, an industrial cluster built around specific operations, and which economic, social, and political approaches have made these transformations possible.
KEYWORDS: Zhejiang, Yongkang, company, industrial cluster, economy, governance, market.

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CEFC News Analysis

Hopes of Limiting Global Warming? China and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change Page 48

Anthony H. F. Li

Current Affairs

Beijing to Taipei, via Singapore: From the 2015 Summit to the 2016 Taiwanese Elections Page 55

Stéphane Corcuff

Review Essay

The Reception of Victor Segalen in China: Between Literature and Ideology Page 59

Bai Yunfei

ABSTRACT: The French doctor, archaeologist, novelist, and poet Victor Segalen (1878-1919) was known above all for his works inspired by China and his theory of the “Diverse.” Despite the numerous studies devoted to him in recent years, very few Western researchers have taken any interest in the reception of his work in China. By focusing critically on the latest research by Chinese specialists on the author of Stèles, this review essay will attempt to show that Segalen owes his undeniable success in China not only to the intrinsic worth of his literary output, but also to ideological considerations that combine to make him the “best” representative of learned “Sinophilia.”
KEYWORDS: Victor Segalen, China, reception, Sinophilia, ideology.

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Book Reviews

Lucien Bianco, La Récidive. Révolution russe et révolution chinoise (Recurrence: Russian Revolution and Chinese Revolution) Page 64

Marie-Claire Bergère

Wenjing Guo, Internet entre État-parti et société civile en Chine (The Internet between the Party-State and Civil Society in China) Page 65

Nicole Khouri

Monique Selim, Hommes et femmes dans la production de la société civile à Canton (Chine) (The Role of Men and Women in Creating Civil Society in Guangzhou, China) Page 67

Nicole Khouri

Michael T. Rock and Michael A. Toman, China’s Technological Catch-Up Strategy: Industrial Development, Energy Efficiency, and CO2 Emissions Page 68

Jean-Paul Maréchal

Emily T. Yeh, Taming Tibet: Landscape Transformation and the Gift of Chinese Development Page 69

Valentina Punzi

Zhaohui Hong, The Price of China’s Economic Development: Power, Capital, and the Poverty of Rights Page 70

Benoît Vermander

Michel Hockx, Internet Literature in China Page 71

Shuang Xu



























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